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大学英语四级词汇题选题分析

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发表于 2020-11-19 13:25:37 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
词汇题是大学英语四级考试的一个难点,它不仅仅是考查英语语法知识,还要对句子的结构和意思要掌握很透彻。通常来说,该题出题的思路是给出四个意思相近的词让考生去选择,解题方法是先理解整句话的意思,然后再慢慢从选项中去选择。下面以3道真题中出现的题目为例进行分析。


She was so____ in her job that she didn't hear anybody knocking at the door.
A. attracted B. absorbed C.drawn D. concentrated
大家看这道题,是一个完整的句子,so...that的意思太过。。。导致。。。。。我们先看that后面句子的意思:她不能听到任何人敲门的声音,这是一种结果,是什么原因会导致这种结果呢?肯定是太过专注才会听不到敲门声.我们再看选项,四个选项中第一个attract是吸引的意思,一般用法是be attracted by.... 第二个absorb是吸收的意思,be absorbed in...专注于某事,为正确答案。第四个draw是画画的意思,第五个concentrate也是专注于,一般用的concentrate on搭配,所以此题的正确答案是B。
She was so absorbed in her job that she didn’t hear anybody knocking at the door. 她太过专注工作以致听不到别人的敲门声。
记住词组:be absorbed in 专心做某事 concentrate on 集中


It has been revealed that some government leaders____ their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves.
A. employ B.take C.abuse D.overlook
it has been revealed that....据透露,还有类似的短语it is said that....这是一个主语从句常用的句型。
some government leaders 一些政府官员
their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves.这句话后面的to get illegal profits for themselves表示目的的结果,为他们自己谋取非法利益
—— their authority and position这个短语所表达的意思就跟后面的句子一致。我们看四个选项,A中的employ是雇佣的意思,与意思不符;B中的take也是不符;C选项abuse的意思是滥用,初步断定为答案。再看D的意思,overlook 忽略,不符合句子意思。所以正确答案是C。
It has been revealed that some government leaders abuse their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves.据透露,一些政府官员滥用职权为自己谋取非法利益


The project, ______by the end of 2000, will expand the city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users.
A.accomplished B.being accomplished C.to be accomplished D.having been accomplished
这个句子通过逗号分隔的方式来表达一个完整的意思,在写作上可以多模仿这种句型。首先前面出现主语The project工程,接着对这项工程进行进一步说明,———— by the end of 2000,2000年底前会出现什么样的状况。接着看最后一个句子,will expand the city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users. 扩大该市的电话网至1,000,000个用户。expand 扩大,延长 telephone network 电话网络 cover覆盖
看四个选项,用的动词都一样,只是时态不同,这样就容易解决。句子最后出现一个will可得知是将来时,所以只有C选项to be accomplished符合句子时态。正确答案是C。
The project, to be accomplished by the end of 2000, will expand the city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users. 预计在2000年前完成的这项工程将扩大该市的电话网至1,000,000用户。
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